Improvement of waste management

Case study

How the Volume-based Waste Fee Policy Increased Household Recycling Rates in the Republic of Korea (1995-2009)

With approximately 60 percent recycling and composting rates, The Republic of Korea has been heralded as one of the highest recyclers of municipal solid waste among OECD countries. The Volume-based Waste Fee (VWF) policy, which South Korea introduced in 1995 as a developing country, has helped increase household recycling rates. As a result, the increased amount of recycled and composted waste has diverted waste from landfills and incinerators and relieved the burden of municipal governments to find or site new waste infrastructures in Korea